Canadian Press, Montreal. Copy boy. Occasional feature writer, sports reporter and sub-editor
The Gazette. Montreal. Police reporter. Feature writer 1955
Reuters. London, England. General reporter and feature writer, U.K. desk 1956
The Tribune, Winnipeg.
Feature writer, 1956.
Political reporter, 1957-60.
Freelance activities: political columnist, The Western Producer, Saskatoon; contributor, The Gazette, Montreal; radio host, interviewer, CBC Radio, Winnipeg; interviewer, script writer, CBC-TV, Winnipeg; script writer, school television broadcasts, Department of Education, Manitoba
1960-65 Political correspondent, feature writer, The Montreal Star.
Principal assignments: All federal, Quebec and municipal election campaigns during this period. Complete coverage of Royal Commission on Publications. Foreign assignments included the United Kingdom, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Israel, France, Germany, Japan, Australia, Pakistan and the United Nations at New York.
Freelance activities: Canadian correspondent, The National Observer, Washington; weekly columnist, Southam newspapers; contributor, Weekend Magazine, Macleans, Saturday Night, The Times, Canadian Forum; editor, Parallel, Montreal (a privately-financed glossy magazine published every two months and devoted to analytical journalism, fiction, poetry, art and photography; seven issues published; national circulation between 10,000 and 15,000)
1966-70 Host, nightly news and public affairs hour, CBC-TV, Montreal.
Freelance activities: host-interviewer, network public affairs, CBC-TV Toronto; host writer, CBC network documentaries on Quebec separatism, the October Crisis and social and economic composition of separatist ridings in east-end Montreal; host-writer, hour-long BBC documentary on Quebec separatism; contributor, Weekend Magazine, Canadian Magazine, Macleans, Saturday Night
1970-72 Ottawa editor, The Toronto Star. Three columns a week on national affairs, nationally syndicated. Freelance activities: commentator, CBC radio and TV networks
1973-80 Ottawa Bureau Chief, Global TV. Assisted in creation of Global news service. Co-anchored nightly newscast, 1973-74. Covered all major Ottawa and Quebec news stories, federal campaigns and visits of Prime Minister to France, Mexico, Cuba, Venezuela, Japan
Daily political commentary on Global, 1973-80. Devised and hosted weekly half-hour interview programme « In Private Life » with politicians and other prominent Canadians. Hosted and wrote special documentaries on Quebec, western Canadian economic development, Northern Ireland and the Quebec referendum. Responsible for all news staff and output of Ottawa Bureau. Member of editorial board, Global TV, Toronto
Guest host-interviewer, TV Ontario (series on economic development in Ontario and hour-long documentary on Alberta)
Senior Consultant, The Royal Commission on Newspapers, Ottawa.
Assistant to the Commission’s Director of Research in devising and implementing overall research programme (more than 40 projects).
Project director for special report to the Commission on the development of new information technology in Canada and other countries and its future impact on Canadian newspapers.
Freelance activities: political commentator, three nights a week, CBC-TV, Ottawa
1981- Dean, Graduate School of Journalism, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario
1986- Professor, UWO
1984-91 Contributing Editor, London Magazine, London, Ontario
1985-87 The Financial Post, Toronto. Contributor – « Eye on the Media » (monthly column)
1986-91 Editorial Consultant, London Magazine, London, Ontario
1991- London Free Press, weekly columnist
Commissioner, Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of Canadian Forces to Somalia, Ottawa, 1995-1997.